How to Make Your Orchids Thrive

With 30,000 orchid species, originating from different parts of the world and with various requirements, it’s important to know which species of orchid you are growing to provide it with the best care. While most orchids are tropical in nature, some are from more arid regions and some thrive at higher elevations with cool temperatures. Sometimes the plant's foliage gives a clue as to how to care for it.



Overview

Grow terrestrial orchids, such as some types of cymbidiums, in potting soil and sphagnum peat moss. The epiphytes, which include most species, should never be grown in soil, but in a loose bark medium. A commercial mix labeled for orchids is suitable.



Step 1

Place oncidiums and cattleya orchids in an area with bright light and paphiopedilum and phalaenopsis at least three feet away from a sunny window. The experts at Gardener’s Supply suggest that orchids with leathery leaves typically need more light than those with more succulent leaves.



Step 2

Avoid overwatering the orchid with thick pseudobulbs -- the swollen area at soil level. Allow the planting medium to dry out somewhat before drenching it. Orchids that lack pseudobulbs should be watered more frequently and grown in a medium that contains sphagnum peat moss to help it retain moisture.



Step 3

Avoid overwatering the orchid with thick pseudobulbs -- the swollen area at soil level. Allow the planting medium to dry out somewhat before drenching it. Orchids that lack pseudobulbs should be watered more frequently and grown in a medium that contains sphagnum peat moss to help it retain moisture.
Keep the paphiopedilum and phalaenopsis orchids in a room with high humidity and temperatures between 73 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Dendrobium and cymbidium orchids prefer cooler temperatures -- 55 to 70 degrees F. They also need good air circulation, so place a fan nearby. Cattleya orchids prefer 80-percent humidity and temperatures between 75 and 80 degrees F in the daytime, with a 10-degree drop at night.



Step 4

Fertilize your orchids with a fertilizer labeled for use on orchids. Apply it according to label instructions and the listed schedule. Stop fertilizing when the plant ceases active growth.



Step 5

ingredients
Orchid mix
Humidifier
Orchid fertilizer



 


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